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June 25, 2012

A Comparative Review of the Neuro-Psychopharmacology of Hallucinogen-Induced Altered States of Consciousness: The Uniqueness of Some Hallucinogens

I find it timely that this article was published right along with David Presti’s recent blog post The Nobel Prize that wasn’t, regarding Sasha Shulgin.

A Comparative Review of the Neuro-Psychopharmacology of Hallucinogen-Induced Altered States of Consciousness: The Uniqueness of Some Hallucinogens

Umit Sayin

Abstract

Altered states of consciousness induced by hallucinogens (H-ASC) is still a vaguely understood phenomenon. Taken the diverse psychological effects they exert, the main mechanism of action of hallucinogens; LSD, ibogaine, THC, PCP, MDMA, methamphetamine, mescaline, psilocybin and DMT, of which psychological effects are discussed in the article, are not properly understood and explained by the modern methods of neuroscience due to the lack of vigorous research. The involvement of some receptors, such as, 5-HT2 (and probably other 5-HT receptors), glutamate and dopamine receptors, adrenergic and cannabinoid receptors, is one of the mechanisms, however it is not easy to explain such incongruent psychological effects by only receptor and neurotransmitter systems alone, since H-ASCs have, sometimes, their own unity and gestalt, unfolding the subconscious, in the “voyages” they induce, although the perception may, or may not, be distorted depending on the person, and “set and setting”. They induce visual, tactile and auditory hallucinations; synesthesia; perception of fractals, geometrical and kaleidoscopic images with vivid colors; perception of two dimensional pictures as three dimensional, animated and moving; distortions and alterations in the body perception; alterations in the perceptions of temporal-spatial continuum and time; changes in the perception of the ego and the self; feelings of unification with nature and universe, peak experiences –mimicking satori or nirvana-, ecstasy, rapture, extreme euphoria, excitement and happiness, oceanic bliss, self-fulfillment, referred as “good trip”, as well as, dysphoria, anxiety, mania, delirium, psychosis, acute schizophrenia, collapse of the self, known as “bad trip”; depending upon the mood, affection and psychology of the person, and “set and setting”. Mysticomimetic effects of H-ASCs, imitate the consciousness states of ancient mystics, probably, by means of activating prefrontal cortex, limbic system and the right temporal lobe. A hypothetical “holographic brain theory” may give some extra insights about the explanation of some of the effects of H-ASCs. It should be taken into account that H-ASCs, can be accepted as a good tool to investigate the nature of consciousness, brain and the human psyche, as well as some of the H-ASCs are good models of psychosis, too. More detailed scientific research should be performed to understand the basic and real mechanisms of H-ASCs, to comprehend and unravel the mystery of human mind and consciousness, since scientific medical research on hallucinogens has been legalized since 1992.

Full Text: PDF Open Access

NeuroQuantology | June 2012 | Volume 10 | Issue 2 | Page 316-340

September 21, 2011

Psychedelic reindeer

by Evan 057 — Categories: amanita, animation, fun/funny, trippyLeave a comment

September 18, 2011

StONeD aPe ThEOrY

This is a clip from Duncan Trussell’s Comedy Central Pilot “Thunderbrain.”

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June 11, 2011

Buddhism & Psychedelics

by Evan 057 — Categories: amanita, cannabis, entheogens, religion, video2 Comments

Below is a 10 minute video of Buddhist scholar and lama, Mike Crowley, discussing sacred elixirs in Buddhist and Hindu history, followed by an excellent, recent 1-hour interview with him going deeper into this fascinating topic, conducted by Jan Irvin of Gnostic Media.

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~~~~~~

And click here for the Gnostic Media interview.  This is must-listen for anyone interested in Buddhism or Hinduism.

[Right right-click the media player and select "save video as" to enable easier playback control from your own media player]

January 6, 2011

Radical Mycology – Spore Liberation Front Primer

Via Permaculture Media Blog:

A new zine from the Spore Liberation Front exploring the numerous uses for mushrooms and their implications for ecoactivists and other Earth friendly folk. From food to medicine to paper and dyes to the amazing new field of mycorememdiation (the use of mushrooms to clean up oil spills and restore damaged habitats), this zine gives a thorough overview of the greater fungi with a novel, radical perspective.”

December 24, 2010

Mushrooms, Santa & The Birth of a Sun

by Evan 057 — Categories: amanita, botany, entheogens, fun/funny, shamanism6 Comments

NPR Morning Edition speaks a couple minutes about Fly Agaric mushrooms and Christmas.

http://www.npr.org

Some extension and commentary:

Fly Agaric mushrooms only grow under pine trees and birch, which is why we use birch branches as Christmas decorations, and why we put a pine tree in our home with brightly colored gifts underneath (the fly agarics are the brightest red you’ve ever seen).  In Lapland Siberia, the village elder or shaman would go out and collect these intoxicating mushrooms to bring good cheer during the cold dark solstice season, like we enjoy a nice schnapps.  He or she would find the bright red mushrooms under the pine trees (like presents), pluck them and place them on the boughs of the tree to dry a bit and go back and collect them all later in his satchel (drying made them lighter and easier to carry more).  This is why we place ornaments on the boughs.  In fact, before Coca Cola promoted the red and white theme, antique, turn-of-the-century Christmas ornaments from Germany and nearby were actually replicas of the amanita mushroom or the head of a man with a white beard and red hat with white polka dots. (140 examples)

Since the front door of the yurt was often snowed over the shaman would enter through the smoke hole / chimney to distribute the mushrooms.  Because these mushrooms are less toxic and more psychoactive when dried, people would put them in stockings and hang them over the fireplace to dry overnight.  If you burned them into black chunks of ‘coal’ you were probably naughty this year but if you were nice you got some happy treats.   This is where the stocking tradition comes from.

As NPR pointed out, reindeer love these mushrooms for their psychoactivity too, and the Siberians have long refered to them as “flying reindeer” because shamanic flight, astral projection, out-of-body experiences go hand in hand with psychedelic plant traditions.  (That guy at the end who dismisses all of this in favor of the Coca-Cola explanation is quite the nincompoop.)

The other aspects of Christmas are largely astrological (tree-top star = Polaris, Spiral of popcorn or candy around tree = Draco) but the great majority of America’s favorite, Christian, family friendly holiday, from red & white candy canes to Rudolf, is almost entirely based on a mushroom cult!

OH, THE DELICIOUS IRONY!!!!  :D

♥ ♥ ♥   Merry Christmas!!!   ♥ ♥ ♥

……………….★
…………….*✱ ♥
…………..*♥- ҈ -*※
………..*✱ *♥*❉**
………¨※ *♥*- ҈ -*✿*
……..*♥**✱ *✿*- ҈ -*♥*
..*8***♥**- ҈ -**✿*♥*※
**- ҈ -*♥**❉**♥**o*✱*♥*
……………__▒__
……………▓▓▓/

For more information of the astrological and shamanic origins of Christmas check out this excerpt from The Pharmacratic Inquisition:

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October 25, 2010

Soma-shroom-enhanced art experience for sale in Berlin

by Evan 057 — Categories: amanita, art, fun/funnyLeave a comment

via Clark Heinrich via Gawker:


Carsten Holler, the artist who made the hanging Amanita sculptures–




Is now offering the “soma” experience for a price:

Soon You Can Pay $1,400 To Eat Magic Mushrooms

A new installation at Berlin’s Museum for Contemporary Art, by Carsten Höller, will soon offer vistiors a chance to pay 1,000 euros to eat shrooms and sleep in a “floating hotel room on a platform shaped like a mushroom.”

Boy, what a deal! The Museum told Reuters that Höller’s installation offers people the “opportunity to dive into the world of soma” — by drinking a mixture containing fly agaric mushroom and tripping out for the night in the museum. It opens on November 5, and promises to provide plenty of great stories (we hope).

Still, $1,400 to spend a night on shrooms? That’s just a tad bit steep, no?

[Reuters]

October 4, 2010

Siberian Shaman Tatiana Explains The Mushrooms

by Evan 057 — Categories: amanita, dance, entheogens, shamanism, video1 Comment

After some drumming by the local women, Tatiana Urkachen, a 7th generation shaman of the Evan branch of the Tungas tribe of Siberia, talks about the various effects of Fly Agaric mushrooms.   Notice the incredibly youthful energy coming from a woman who was probably in her 70′s when this was recorded.

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